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The sky is not a painting, it's a movie. Stars pulse, flare, some explode as supernova, asteroids whiz by the earth, new comets appear in the sky, Aurora sets the northern skies ablaze and meteors streak through Earth's atmosphere.
The Full Moon for September
The Full Corn Moon or Full Harvest Moon. This Septembers full moon’s name is attributed to Native Americans as it marked when corn was ready to be harvested. The September full moon is known the Harvest Moon, being the full Moon that occurs closest to the autumn equinox.
September Lunar Highlights
In the evening sky on the 27th, a waxing crescent Moon lies to the lower right of
Saturn . On the 29th, the lunar crescent lies about 5° above Mars.
The Planets Visibility for September
Evening sky W
Mercury midmonth is at 0.3 magnitude and a diameter of 00'.08" at phase 46.76. Mercury appears as a half full disk. Look just after sunset low on the western horizon, Mercury is located in the constellation Virgo. On the 27th Mercury sets at 7:40 p.m. and will soon be lost in the Sun's glare.
Morning sky E
Venus Shines brilliantly very low in the east in the September 27th pre-dawn morning sky rising at 6:22 a.m. Venus at is at -3.9 magnitude and a diameter of 00'.10" at phase 99.18. Venus is located in the constellation Virgo.
Evening sky SW
Mars sets at 9:01 p.m. on the 29th, located in the constellation Scorpius. The Moon this night of the 29th is 5 degrees above Mars. To find Mars look for a reddish object low in the southwest sky. Don't be confused with the reddish star Antares that will be only 3 degrees below Mars.
To see which part of the surface is visible at any time, check out the Mars Profiler at Sky & Telescope Magazine's web page.
Morning sky E
Jupiter is at -1.9 magnitude and a diameter of 00'.33" located in the constellation Cancer the Crab and is easily visible in the morning sky rising around 2:53 a.m. on the 29th. Jupiter is below M-44 at Angular separation: 07°52'20" from M-44.
Evening SW Sky
Saturn is at magnitude 0.6 and diameter 00'.16" on the 27th. Saturn is low in the southwest after sunset and sets at 9:01 p.m. Saturn is located in the constellation Libra. On the 27th the crescent Moon is around three degrees from Saturn. Through a small telescope Saturn will reveal the famous rings of the planet. Rings currently are 21.9 tilt. See: Saturn's moons locations
Evening Sky E
Uranus at midmonth is at 5.7 magnitude and diameter 00'.04" rising 7:10 p.m. and located in the constellation Pisces. Uranus is near the meridian around 2:30 a.m. A moderate-sized telescope will show it as a green-gray disk. See finder charts: Sky & Telescope
Evening Sky SE
midmonth is at 7.8 magnitude and diameter 00'.02" rising 2:38 a.m.
and is located
in the constellation Aquarius.
Neptune is near meridian at 12:
On midmonth asteroid Vesta is at magnitude 7.8 and Asteroid Ceres at magnitude 9.0 and are only 02°27'58" from each other. The asteroids are at opposition. The two asteroids are located in constellation Libra with both setting around 9:50 p.m.. They are both visible in binoculars See 2014 pdf finder charts: Chart
Pluto at midmonth is visible in the south after sunset amid the stars of the Milky Way in the constellation Sagittarius. Pluto is at magnitude +14.1 and diameter 00'.00" A large telescope is needed to see this distant object.
Comets Brighter than 8 Magnitude
C/2013V5 Oukaimeden 6.7 magnitude
Comet Oukaimeden on September 28th reaches perihelion. The comet becomes visible again forn northern hemisphere observers early October low in in southwest sky. Currently now lost in Sun's glare at sunset.
C/2012 K1 (PANSTARRS) 7.3 Magnitude
Look for PANSTARRS to brighten in the predawn skies this September. The comet reached perihelion August 27th. The comet will be brightest in mid October. Now located in Hydra early morning sky rising September 27th at 3:46 a.m.
For more on current Comets and locations see: Seiichi Yoshida web site here.
There are no significant meteor showers in September.
Some local links below to Heavens Above satellite information website.
Also see: Spaceflight NASA
Real time solar wind dials are linked live to the ACE Spacecraft.
If the dial on the left (Magnetic Field) has dipped below zero, the speed is high and the dial dynamic pressure is in the yellow/red, be alert for Aurora. Anytime the gauges are in the Red and the dial on the left, the Magnetic Field BZ has dipped to the yellow-red... Aurora will be occurring in our area. See link to solar wind gauge here: REAL TIME SOLAR WIND
See explanation of solar wind dials below by clicking on photo of dials
Solar Wind Dials